Wenn man jedoch nicht jedes Würfel-Brettspiel bereits als Backgammon-Variante ansehen möchte, so ist die Theorie vom orientalischen Ursprung des Spiels. Es wird in Griechenland hauptsächlich in drei Varianten gespielt: Die Variante „Portes“ ist dem Backgammon sehr ähnlich. Die Spielsteine werden entsprechend. Backgammon-Varianten: Populäre Spiele. Es gibt viele andere Veränderungen von Backgammon. Das Backgammonbrett selbst ist vielseitig begabt, daß es.
Backgammon VariantenWenn man jedoch nicht jedes Würfel-Brettspiel bereits als Backgammon-Variante ansehen möchte, so ist die Theorie vom orientalischen Ursprung des Spiels. Es ist empfehlenswert, sich nicht zu sehr an eine bestimmte Aufstellungsvariante zu gewöhnen. Ziel des Spiels. Derjenige Spieler ist Sieger, dem es als erstem. giveyouinfo.com › tod › blog.
Backgammon Varianten Navigation menu VideoBackgammon Grandmaster analyze a match (great lesson!) Backgammon is a version of the classic and popular board game that you can play online and for free on giveyouinfo.com Your objective is to free all your checkers from the board before your opponent. This variant is played the same as 'regular' backgammon with two exceptions; the cube is not used, and gammons/backgammon don't exist. This often leads to very strategicaly played games, where a back-game is more of an option than in the regular version since staying back forever never leads to losing more than one point. Here is the starting position of Acey-Deucey with a as a sample roll: All 15 checkers start off the board. One die is tossed by each player to see who rolls first and the player with the higher number then tosses both dice to start the game. Acey-deucey is a variant of backgammon in which players start with no checkers on the board, and must bear them on at the beginning of the game. The roll of is given special consideration, allowing the player to select doubles of her choice. A player also receives an extra turn after the roll of or of doubles. Nackgammon. Here you can find rules on how to play a whole range of variations to standard Backgammon. Backgammon sets can be used for other games besides standard Backgammon. There are a great many other great games you can play with a set, ranging from very simple games suitable for children to complex games such as Trictrac more suited to adult players.
Viel hГngt auch von den Gewohnheiten der Backgammon Varianten ab. - InhaltsverzeichnisVariante Tabla Beim Tabla werden diese drei Varianten abwechselnd gespielt.
Backgammon has an established opening theory , although it is less detailed than that of chess. The tree of positions expands rapidly because of the number of possible dice rolls and the moves available on each turn.
Recent computer analysis has offered more insight on opening plays, but the midgame is reached quickly. After the opening, backgammon players frequently rely on some established general strategies, combining and switching among them to adapt to the changing conditions of a game.
A blot has the highest probability of being hit when it is 6 points away from an opponent's checker see picture.
Strategies can derive from that. The most direct one is simply to avoid being hit, trapped, or held in a stand-off. A "running game" describes a strategy of moving as quickly as possible around the board, and is most successful when a player is already ahead in the race.
As the game progresses, this player may gain an advantage by hitting an opponent's blot from the anchor, or by rolling large doubles that allow the checkers to escape into a running game.
The "priming game" involves building a wall of checkers, called a prime, covering a number of consecutive points. This obstructs opposing checkers that are behind the prime.
A checker trapped behind a six-point prime cannot escape until the prime is broken. Because the opponent has difficulty re-entering from the bar or escaping, a player can quickly gain a running advantage and win the game, often with a gammon.
A "backgame" is a strategy that involves holding two or more anchors in an opponent's home board while being substantially behind in the race.
The backgame is generally used only to salvage a game wherein a player is already significantly behind. Using a backgame as an initial strategy is usually unsuccessful.
For example, players may position all of their blots in such a way that the opponent must roll a 2 in order to hit any of them, reducing the probability of being hit more than once.
Many positions require a measurement of a player's standing in the race, for example, in making a doubling cube decision, or in determining whether to run home and begin bearing off.
The minimum total of pips needed to move a player's checkers around and off the board is called the "pip count". The difference between the two players' pip counts is frequently used as a measure of the leader's racing advantage.
Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play. Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "money" and "match" play.
Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
The format has a significant effect on strategy. In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
Conversely, the trailing player would double very aggressively, particularly if they have chances to win a gammon in the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score. In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons.
To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup. Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult.
In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos. Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
The game is included in Clubhouse Games: 51 Worldwide Classics for the Nintendo Switch , a collection of tabletop games.
Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet. Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators.
Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
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Happy Thanksgiving! Don't like the Thanksgiving theme? Don't like the Christmas theme? Backgammon Rules Backgammon is one of the oldest known boardgames.
The backgammon board set up is different from both Portes and Plakoto. The checkers of each player are located at the right far most point of the board, in two diagonally corners.
The checkers are moved counterclockwise to the home boards, which are located in the lower-right area and in the upper- left area of the board.
The game dates back to the sixteenth century when it was played in several European countries under different names. Jacquet Jacquet was once popular in France and several other European countries.
Tabula Tabula is a Roman game played using three dice instead of two. Tourne-case Tourne-case was popular in France in the seventeenth century.
Each player has just three checkers. Trictrac Trictrac was very popular in France prior to the Revolution. The rules are quite elaborate.
The goal is to score points for particular positions and movements. Modern Games Hyper-Backgammon This backgammon variant is played with each side having just three checkers.
LongGammon LongGammon is the same is regular backgammon except that each player starts with all his checkers on the opponent's one-point.
Misere Backgammon to Lose The object of this game is to be the last player to bear off all your checkers. Nackgammon This backgammon variant was invented by Nack Ballard.
It is the same as the regular game except that each player starts with two additional back checkers. Propositions These are a class of games where the rules for the two sides are different.
Roll-Over Each player has one chance per game to ask for the dice to be rerolled. Domino Backgammon A game invented by Matt Crispin in which the player uses dominos instead of dice.
Grasshopper A racing game invented by Matt Crispin in which no dice are used. Miscellaneous Games Dutch Backgammon A game in which both players start with all their checkers off the board.
French Backgammon A game in which both players start with all their checkers off the board, and in which doubles are played on both sides of the dice.
Old English Backgammon A game in which both players start with all their checkers off the board, and in which doubles are played on both sides of the dice.
Russian Backgammon Russian Backgammon is a true race, with both players moving their checkers in the same direction and bearing off from the same table.
The Pin Game This is similar to the Greek game Plakoto in which checkers are trapped rather than hit. Poof This is just like regular backgammon except you always play your lower number first.
Swedish Tables Swedish Tables is played much like backgammon except that the two players move in the same direction around the board and there are more ways to win than simply bearing off your checkers.
Multiple pairs of combatants compete at the same time using the same dice rolls in the separate games.